NSF Center for Energy-Smart Electronic Systems (ES2)

Thermodynamic Tools for Holistic Analysis and Optimization of Energy Efficient Data Centers
Waste Heat Recovery and Reuse from Datacenters
Models and Metrics for Dynamic Air and Hybrid Liquid Cooled Data Centers Based on Computational and Experimental Approaches


    Droplet Impingement and Spray Cooling

    Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics in a Liquid Droplet Impinging on a Surface

    Enhancement of Heat Transfer to an Impininging Liquid Droplet by Manipulation of its Spreading Characteristics with Surfactants


    Flow and Convective Heat Transfer in Jets and Complex Flows

    Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics in a Synthetic Impinging Jet over a Heated Surface


    Mini and microchannels heat exchangers and cold plates

    Experimental and Computational Characterization of Water Cooled Multi-Layer Mini-Channel Heat Sinks in Single Phase Flow

    Characterization of Thermodynamic and Hydrodynamic Performance of Water-Cooled Silicon Carbide Milli-Channel Heat Sinks
    Biologically Inspired Design of Liquid Cooled Micro/Mini-Channel Heat Exchangers with Scale Variation Suggested by Constructal Scaling Principles

    Experiments and Modeling of Two-Phase Flow and Heat Transfer in Mini/Microchannel Heat Exchangers

    Optimization of a Micro-Channel Automotive Evaporator Encompassing the use of Cu and its Antimicrobial Properties


    Energy Technology 

    Advanced Cooling for Concentrated Photovoltaics


    Experimental Techniques

    Advances in Liquid Crystal Transient Thermal Imaging

    High Speed Video Imaging